Signs of a world in decline are everywhere. We see an ongoing catastrophic war in Europe. These days there is a public and aggressive celebration of immoral lifestyles. The news tells us about disastrous floods and fires, and we catch reports about the ongoing oppression of Christians.
Every week brings more discouraging and alarming stories, like the breathless accounts of how unregulated AI could lead to the extinction of humanity. Clearly, things are quickly getting worse.
But are they? Is our world really in a state of precipitous decline?
A Growing Chill
Scripture is the lens through which we try to look at all of life. And the Bible warns us repeatedly about the troubled days before Christ’s return. For instance, Jesus forecasts in Matthew 24: “You will hear of wars and rumours of wars” (v. 6). We do hear of conflicts, whether wars between nations or the clashes of races and ideologies—one thinks about the brutal and violent war in Ukraine over the last year.
War is only one sign, and Jesus says that it signals but “the beginning of the birth pains” (Matt 24:8). He also speaks of famines, pestilences, and other natural disasters. What is more, Jesus assures us that the persecution of Christians will become commonplace. Publications from Open Doors or The Voice of the Martyrs certainly give disturbing accounts of persecution in many places.
In our own context too, the quiet (and sometimes not so quiet) discrimination against Christians is increasing. Biblical morals are clearly out of favour with the direction of our society, while every national census reports a continued decline among church goers. It’s just as Jesus prophesied about this age in Matthew 24:12,
Because of the increase of wickedness, the love of most will grow cold.
His words paint a picture of a world drifting further from God.
The apostle Paul catalogues this spiritual decay: “There will be terrible times in the last days. People will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, boastful, proud, abusive, disobedient to their parents, ungrateful, unholy, without love, unforgiving, slanderous, without self-control, brutal, not lovers of the good, treacherous, rash, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God” (2 Tim 3:1-4).
Everywhere we are seeing the ugly handiwork of the devil, who came to “steal, kill, and destroy” (John 10:10). There are ample indications Satan’s ruinous effects in this world. But are things getting worse?
Our Limited View
The New Testament gives many sober warnings about this age before Jesus comes back. So I do not minimise the reality of all this brokenness. Neither am I Pollyanna-ish about the state of this “groaning” world (Rom 8:22), and I do not expect some golden age before Christ’s return. But we should judge the world’s decline with circumspection. There are a few good reasons for this caution.
1) We’re definitely not the first generation to be convinced that we are witnessing a marked deterioration in world stability, or even facing the dire prospect of humanity’s extinction.
Looming calamities and dangers have always vexed mankind. For decades in the previous century, the threat of catastrophic nuclear warfare was all too real. Just a generation ago, there were serious fears about a population explosion and a world food shortage.
The signs of the end prophesied by Jesus and his apostles have been witnessed in every century of the New Testament Church, not only ours.
2) The news media have an enormous impact on how we perceive reality. Compared to people who lived just a couple decades ago, we are far more aware of natural disasters, political crises, and violent events all around the world. We are often able to watch them unfold in real-time or through vivid footage. The 24-hour news cycle can make it seem like things are getting worse because there is always another cyclone, school shooting, or bombing to report. Checking the news several times per day confirms our perception of the bleak state of global affairs, morally and politically.
But it is a one-sided picture that we get from the news. So we can probably be slightly less pessimistic about what’s happening in this world.
3) It is good to look at historical events in context. When we first heard about Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, probably many thought of Jesus’s words concerning “wars and rumours of wars.” Because Scripture is our lens, this is fitting. But in context, the war in Ukraine is the first large-scale invasion of a European country since World War 2. In recent decades, international violence around the world has dropped to an all-time low because of such factors as the high economic price tag of waging conventional war. Seeing events in isolation does not engender accuracy.
We should be reticent to declare “doomsday scenarios” in the small slice of history through which we’re living, acknowledging how limited is our perspective.
4) Our tendency is to be self-centric. Because this life is what we are experiencing—and we have no experience of any other life!—we naturally conclude that our time is unique. We might even call our age “unprecedented,” asserting that it has never been quite this bad. How much worse can it get?! But again, our vision is overly narrow. Even if Christianity is declining in the West, it is still growing rapidly in many non-Western countries. Meanwhile, we see that a culture’s moral trajectory is not always one of unbroken decline. Think of the recent overturning of Roe v. Wade in the United States, a victory against the evils of abortion that perhaps few Christians dared to dream possible.
When Scripture speaks of “growing wickedness,” this doesn’t necessarily mean a trajectory that will be unbroken in its descent to moral chaos.
So in these last days, what certainties do we have? Firstly, the Bible tells us that “the time is short” (1 Cor 7:29), and that the day of Christ is near. We can be certain that we’ll see our victorious Saviour “soon” (Rev 22:20).
Secondly, catastrophic events and moral depravity will continue to feature in this closing age in world history. These are but the beginnings of God’s wrath on those who reject him (Rev 6:1-17).
Thirdly, we are certain that Christ governs everything for the good of his Church (Eph 1:22), so we should also expect good things to be happening. And they surely are happening: the gospel is being preached throughout the world (Matt 24:14), believers are being refined, and the triune God is being glorified. These certainties should shape our perspective on the future.
If our view is wholly pessimistic, our posture will be overly defensive, as we brace ourselves for the inevitable collapse.
Or if our view of the future is naïve, we might be susceptible to false notions of human progress or cultural neutrality.
But when we adopt the hopeful realism of Scripture, we stand on firm ground.
Whatever the troubling signs we observe today, we don’t know if Christ will return within the decade or by the time that our grandchildren are having children. In coming years there might well be a resurgence of Christian influence in this country, or a continued deterioration.
Or there might be something too complex to describe simply as “worse” or “better.”
Regardless, God calls us to be prepared in the spirit of “our blessed hope,” which is “the appearing of the glory of our great God and Saviour Jesus Christ” (Titus 2:13). In the words of one of his apostles, “The end of all things is near. Therefore be alert and of sober mind so that you may pray” (1 Pet 4:7, NIV).
Surely that is the best posture for facing tomorrow.